Updated: Mar 29, 2019
One of the few women to have risen to the level of star architect—and the first ever to win architecture’s version of the Oscar, the Pritzker Prize in 2010 and 2011—Zaha Hadid (1950–2016) was known for futuristic designs that employed curving, swooping lines more suitable for UFOs than buildings. Born into a wealthy Iraqi family in Bagdad and educated in the U.K. (where the Queen would later make her a Dame, the feminine form of address for knighthood) Hadid threw out the rule-book, eschewing the linear geometry usually employed by architects for an Expressionistic style that often appeared to allude to the female form—though not intentionally, according the Hadid herself. Though she built extensively around the world, she has only on completed project—a luxury condo in Chelsea—in New York City. Hadid’s work spans several decades and ranges from interior design, furniture and sculptures, to shoes, jewellery and even boats. She is perhaps best known for her architecture, having worked on over 100 projects across six continents during her lifetime. Her influence is still being felt today in the projects she delivered and those that continue to be progressed by her practice. Here we look at her top five greatest contributions to architecture.
600 COLLINS STREET, AUSTRALIA
600 Collins Street is a mixed-use tower in Melbourne’s financial district. The 54-storey building is formed from a series of stacked vases. Which, each one of relate to its various uses; including retail units, commercial office space and residential apartments. The 600 Collins Street development is currently under construction in the heart of Melbourne's financial district.
HEYDAR ALIYEV CENTRE, AZERBAIJAN
The structure (8-storeys high in places) is named after the country’s former president. It is intended to become the primary building for Azerbaijan’s cultural programmes and provides a large conference auditorium, gallery space and a museum. The core structure of the building including the floor plates, stairwells and lift shafts are formed of concrete, whilst the free-form structure is achieved with a space frame system, clad with glass fibre reinforced concrete panels.
Glasgow Riverside Museum of Transport
Located in Glasgow, United Kingdom, this stunning museum is made in 2011. It has clear glass facades that allow to enter more natural light. The internal exhibitions and displays were designed by Event Communications. The purpose-built Museum replaced the previous home for the city's transport collection, at the city's Kelvin Hall, and was the first museum to be opened in the city since the St Mungo Museum of Religious Life and Art in 1993. The location of the museum is on the site of the former A. & J. Inglis Shipyard within Glasgow Harbour.
The Serpentine Sackler Gallery
This awesome building is located in Kensington Gardens, London. It consist from two parts, undulating roof with lean lines and a delicate but strong structure. It is contemporary elegant building with amazing structure. In 2013 the Serpentine Sackler Gallery, with an extension designed by Zaha Hadid Architects, was opened to the public, giving new life to The Magazine, a Grade II listed former gunpowder store built in 1805. Located five minutes' walk from the Serpentine Gallery across the Serpentine Bridge, it comprises 900 square metres of gallery space, restaurant, shop and social space.
Sheikh Zayed Bridge, Abu Dhabi
With its swooping arches and curves intended to emulate the rippling of sand dunes, this 842-metre bridge hangs on the horizon like a frozen scribble. Named after the country’s principal architect and former president, the £200m structure – spanning the Maqtah channel – is perhaps at its best at night, when coloured lighting floods its spine.
On March 31, 2016, world renowned architect Zaha Hadid passed away from heart attack in Miami, Florida where she was being treated in a hospital at the time. The loss of Zaha Hadid was a shock in the world of architecture. Zaha Hadid was a great architect reaching global success as the most successful woman and helped to pave the way for women in architecture.